Åland is an autonomous, demilitarized, Swedish-speaking region of Finland.
Åland consists of more than 6,500 islands and skerries, of which 6,400 are
larger than 3,000 m2.
Map and Info on Åland-Island
Return to Visiting Locations
Climate and Terrain:
The Ålandic landscape was forged many millennia ago by powerful natural
which are still at work today, into a distinctive archipelagic landscape
consisting of thousands of islands, holmes and skerries.
The population of Åland is currently at an all-time high. According to a
memoir written by F.W. Radloff in the 18th century there were 11,000 people in
the Islands at this time, spread across 80 different islands. In 1905 the
number had grown to 22,000, living on 150 islands. Over the centuries many
islands have been linked to each other or with the main island through bridges
and embankments while others have been depopulated. The current population of
26,200 live on only 65 islands. Over 40 per cent live in the only town,
The Åland Government, which may have up to eight members, is headed by the
Chairman, lantrÅdet. The Åland Government is appointed by the
according to parliamentary principles after negotiations among the various
Åland's economy is dominated by the service sector, particularly the
industry, which accounts for 40 per cent of local GDP. The capital-intensive
shipping industry helps to raise Åland's GDP per capita, but income levels
Åland are not higher than the average for Finland.
Because of Åland's geographical location, the local economy, and the
live here, are very dependent on good communications. In winter-time 20 ferries
depart from Åland to Sweden and the Finnish mainland every day, but in
the number rises to almost the double. As of spring 2004 there will also be a
service to Estonia. Although ferries are the dominating form of transport to
Åland, there are also flights between Mariehamn and the Swedish and Finnish