Native Kazakhs, a mix of Turkic and Mongol nomadic tribes who
migrated into the region in the 13th century, were rarely united as a single
nation. The area was conquered by Russia in the 18th century and Kazakhstan
became a Soviet Republic in 1936. During the 1950s and 1960s Soviet citizens
were encouraged to help cultivate
Kazakhstan's northern pastures. This influx of immigrants skewed the ethnic
mixture and enabled non-Kazakhs to outnumber natives. Independence has caused
many of these newcomers to emigrate.
Detail Map and Info on Kazakhstan
Return to Visiting Locations
Central Asia, northwest of China.
Area: Total: 2,717,300 sq km land: 2,669,800 sq km water: 47,500 sq km.
Area - comparative: Slightly less than four times the size of Texas.
Land boundaries: Total: 12,012 km border countries: China 1,533 km,
Kyrgyzstan 1,051 km, Russia 6,846 km, Turkmenistan 379 km, Uzbekistan 2,203 km.
Government type: Republic.
Climate and Terrain:
Climate: Continental, cold winters and hot summers, arid and semiarid.
Ethnic groups: Kazakh 53.4%, Russian 30%, Ukrainian 3.7%, Uzbek 2.5%,
German 2.4%, Uighur 1.4%, other 6.6%.
Religions: Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%
Languages: Kazakh 40%, Russian 66% .
Kazakhstan possesses enormous fossil fuel reserves as well as
plentiful supplies of other minerals and metals. It also is a large
agricultural - livestock and grain - producer. Kazakhstan's industrial sector
rests on the extraction and processing of these natural resources and also on a
growing machine-building sector specializing in construction equipment,
tractors, agricultural machinery, and some defense items.
Labor force - by occupation: Industry 27%, agriculture 23%, services 50%.
Telephones - 1.818 million.
Telephones - mobile cellular: 11,202.
Radio broadcast stations: AM 60, FM 17.
Radios: 6.47 million.
Television broadcast stations: 12.
Televisions: 3.88 million.
Internet users: 70,000.
Railways: 13,601 km.
Highways: 150,000 km.
Airports: Paved 28, unpaved 421.